the 6th of November Aneta Kubas and Mirek Zaczynski
from Barka Ireland
took part in the Integration
and Inclusion Conference
hosted by the
Immigrant Council of Ireland.Effective
migrant inclusion needs political leadership and dedicated resources,
aim of the conference was to
identify positive actions which promote effective migrant integration
and inclusion. The
six thematic areas: Employment, Housing, Direct Provision, Sport,
Migrant Leadership and tackling Racism.
keynote addresses were
provided by Demetrios
G. Papademetriou, Distinguished
Transatlantic Fellow, Migration Policy Institute; Pedro
Commissioner for Migration (Portugal)
of the National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy, Migration
been opened by Taoiseach Leo Varadkar.
recent years, migrants have come from Central and Eastern Europe,
Africa, India, the Arab world, China, the Philippines and Brazil, and
all around the world. I believe each wave of
migration has enriched Ireland and infused our country with new
knowledge, new ideas, new cuisine, words, art and music. Migration
brings with it challenges but I am convinced its benefits outweigh
these many times over” – said Taiseach.
also said he would like to
see more public representatives from migrant backgrounds. He says
extra funding has been given to political parties to encourage women
into politics and perhaps the same should be done for those from
The Barka team was invited to the celebrations of Polish National Day of Independence hosted by new Ambassador in Dublin, Ms. Anna Sochańska. The event took place at the Royal Irish Academy.
the 11th November 1918 Poland re-gained their independence after the
First World War and, similarly to Irish people, the Polish are very
proud of their heritage and history.
For many guests the event was the first occasion to meet the new Ambassador, therefore as a form of introduction, a short video was produced. It was made in the Embassy where the Ambassador talks about herself, her plans during her Irish posting as well as her hobbies and interests.
The highlight of the evening was the performance of Fermata music school’s pupils.
Bad tenancies and ignorance of rights have seen more central and eastern European men become homeless in Dublin
Aleksander Kurowski (41), a Pole, spent 12 years working in Ireland before he fell ill in January last year, requiring emergency bowel surgery. His illness, and the long recovery that followed, left him too weak to work.
The illness started a downwards spiral. Not long afterwards Kurowski’s landlord of seven years decided to sell his apartment. He challenged the notice, managing to stay on for a year. Eventually, however, he had to leave, but could not find a home elsewhere.
In May, Kurowski, who worked for a decade as a cleaner and then in a laundry, ended up in a homeless hostel. “It was strange, sometimes I felt frightened,” he says, in a quiet voice. “There was no key to the room so I couldn’t lock the door and people were on drugs.”
With the help of a translator he explains that he stayed for a few days in the Brú Aimsir hostel on Thomas Street, Dublin, before moving in with a friend. Worried about overstaying his welcome, he left after five weeks and found a bed at the Spire Hostel on Malborough Street.
He is just one of a growing number of mostly male central and eastern Europeans becoming homeless, accelerated by precarious tenancies, ignorance about rights and benefits, or, simply, the consequences of exploitation.
Many come with no idea of how hard it is to get a place to stay in Ireland or the cost of living, says Ciara McGrath of Crosscare. “Many of those we meet are in employment but homeless, but also because a lot of people on an industrial wage in Ireland really struggle. The cost of living here is so high money doesn’t go very far.
“They have more precarious living arrangements and often share with other families. We’re seeing people in tenancies for 7-9 years and then landlords decide to sell or renovate,” McGrath tells The Irish Times.
Less than one in 12 of the 535,475 non-Irish people in the State are unemployed, but 22.5 per cent are at risk of poverty compared to 15.7 per cent of Irish people, according to the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI). A third own property, compared to nearly 80 per cent of Irish people.
A European national can stay for three months in Ireland with no income, but, with rare exceptions, cannot qualify for benefits. Despite stories to the contrary, most dole applications from new arrivals are refused. After three months they must show that they have a right to reside in the State.
EEA nationals who find work but become unemployed or unfit for work due to illness or injury can qualify for supplementary welfare benefits for up to six months, although social housing benefits only come if they have worked for a year, and have registered as a job seeker.
EU nationals can only be removed from Ireland if they pose a “genuine, present and sufficient serious threat” to the State, according to the 2015 European Communities (Free Movement of Persons) regulations. This, said the Department of Justice, is “not a deportation order”.
Similar rules are laid down by the EU Citizens’ Rights Directive, though some EU states, including Ireland and the UK, are interpreting the rules in such a way that people found guilty of minor offences can be removed.
People from countries that joined the EU since 2004 – mostly eastern Europeans – can qualify for repatriation if they are destitute and are referred by welfare officials to the Department of Justice’s Reception and Integration Agency (RIA).
Such people are offered a route home as soon as one is “practicable and cost efficient”, said an RIA spokesman. So far this year 55 people from central and eastern European countries have done so.
A small minority are gaming the system. “Only 3 per cent of people try to use the system to their advantage, but by just offering to send people home you’re sending a message that there’s money for flights. People should know it’s a once-off,” said one source.
Dermot Murphy, director of services at the DePaul homeless charity, says few immigrants want to go back. “It’s not our role to make anybody go home; our principle is to provide people with the best available information so they can make an informed decision.”
Agreeing that a lack of knowledge about housing rights and entitlements is worsening foreign homelessness, Mr Murphy said nearly 5 per cent of newly homeless people who visited the charity in recent months came from Poland. Another 5 per cent came from Romania.
Ewa Sadawska, director of Barka Ireland, which offers its own repatriation aid, has noticed a rise in the number of eastern and central Europeans who have come from England and Scotland sleeping on Dublin’s streets. Many have come because they fear life in a post-Brexit UK, she says.
Since 2011, Barka has helped more than 500 to return home. In the first six months of this year it assisted 37 people – 16 Poles, 10 Lithuanians, six Latvians and four Hungarians. Last year it helped 68.
Try their luck
Most central and eastern Europeans who end up on Dublin’s streets are in their 50s and 60s, says Sadawska.
“Many from the communist generation have the mentality that everything should be provided. Quite a lot of our beneficiaries are 50-plus and have bad English but came to Ireland to try their luck.”
Santaro disputes the claim that Brexit is already pushing more central and eastern Europeans to move from the UK to Ireland. So the numbers Mendicity has found are “tiny”.
Figures from Merchant’s Quay Ireland found that a quarter of the 5,600 people who visited it last year were foreigners, including 305 Romanians, 254 Poles, 214 people from African countries and 114 people from the UK. The majority are men, and most are aged between 30-44.
One man there, who came to Ireland in 2003 and worked for years as a chef before he began drinking heavily and became homeless, he says, because he was jailed for three years for stealing a pair of runners
“All my family were heavy alcoholics. I always thought I was strong but now when I look in the mirror I see my father,” says the man, who claims his employer gave him drink as his addiction grew to ensure he finished his shift.
Following his prison term, he says he spent four months sleeping in parks and on the Liffey boardwalk. Today he has a room in a hostel, and works sporadically as a chef. Asked if he would like to return to Poland, he says no.
“I love this city and I see my future here. I haven’t drunk now in five weeks. For me the important thing is not money, it’s my health. I’m not 20 years old anymore. Merchant’s Quay has helped me stand up. I think the people here really care.”
Fundacja Barka poszukuje pracownika programu pomocy bezdomnym obywatelom krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej w Reykjaviku. Barka prowadzi od 10 lat programy pomocowe m.in. w Londynie, Dublinie, Hadze, Rotterdamie, Antwerpii. Projekt prowadzony będzie we współpracy z Urzędem Miasta Reykjavik. Jego celem jest pomoc obywatelom krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej w wyjściu z bezdomności, uzależnień i innych trudności życiowych. Projekt będzie prowadzić angielski oddział fundacji Barka.
stanowiska pracy: praca w dwuosobowym zespole z osobą mającą
osobiste doświadczenie bezdomności i uzależnień, które
przezwyciężyła; praca w miejscach pobytu osób bezdomnych w
Reykjaviku ( noclegownia, centra dziennego pobytu i inne miejsca).
Wymagania: narodowość polska, wykształcenie wyższe ( preferowane nauki społeczne), dobra znajomość j.angielskiego, znajomość j.islandzkiego będzie dodatkowym atutem, gotowość do odbycia dwutygodniowego szkolenia w Holandii i Polsce jako etap rekrutacji.
pracy : Reykjavik
Wymiar czasu pracy: trzy czwarte etatu
Przewidywany czas rozpoczęcia pracy: 1 lipca 2019 na pół roku z możliwością przedłużenia
Pierwszym etapem rekrutacji będzie rozmowa kwalifikacyjna w Reykjaviku. Drugim etapem rekrutacji będzie dwutygodniowe szkolenie w Holandii i w Polsce, w projektach Fundacji Barka.
Osoby zainteresowane prosimy o przesłanie cv oraz listu motywacyjnego na adres: firstname.lastname@example.org do 30 czerwca 2019.
On the 21th of May Barka team took part in Intercultural Day on World Day for Cultural Diversity, hosted by Merchants Quay Ireland.
Seven countries in all were represented and it was a wonderful opportunity for participants to learn more about some of the cultures where the beneficiaries come from. There was delicious food sampled as well as display of booklets and goodies.
Barka hosted a promotional stand with materials and publications about Barka activity in Dublin as well as local Polish food, sweets etc. Barka team managed to prepare 100 portions of traditional Polish lunch. Our team was dressed in traditional costumes.
The focus of the day was to remind participants that we are all global citizens and that we all have a role to play in creating the kind of world we would like to live in.
In May Barka team was invited to launch of an exhibition “A Forgotten Polish Hero of he Great Irish Famine: Paul Strzelecki’s Struggle to Save Thousands”. The event took lace on Wednesday, the 8 th of May at the Royal Irish Academy in Dublin.
The exhibition was officially opened by the President of Ireland Michael D. Higgins. It tells a captivating story about Count Paul Edmund Strzelecki, a Polish humanitarian, who, as the main agent of the British Relief Association during the Great Famine, developed a visionary and exceptionally effective mode of assistance: feeding starving children directly through schools. As a result, at its peak in 1848, around 200,000 children of all denominations were being fed and clad, many of whom would have otherwise perished from hunger and disease.
The exhibition was presented by Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Dublin and hosted by the Royal Irish Academy.
In March Barka Ireland representative, Ewa Sadowska and Magdalena Chwarscianek from Barka Netherlands, visited Moscow as part of the Peer-Ex program.
Ewa’s account of the trip: The study visit was an inspiring experience. We visited a number of organisations, cooperatives and local communities supported by the Orthodox Church. We were surprised how much there is in common in terms of culture, mentality, organisation of social life and social care when it comes to Slavic and Russian context.
What was very apparent was huge disproportion between the small group of wealthy people and the vast majority of persons with very low income –earning below $200 per month.
We visited, among others, communities run by Noe Organisation at Moscow suburbs, which operates on similar basis as Barka in Poland. The housing units are run by leaders in recovery and are self-sufficient (homeless and addicted people: women, man and families living from their work – they breed rabbits, pigs and goats, work in the woods and farms). The only difference is that Barka’s communities are run by residents’ associations whereas in Moscow it is more centralised: all the housing units are coordinated by the Noe organisation.
The passion and determination of the staff of organisations, creating the sense of community and space for inclusion and strengthening the human dignity is remarkable. Also the extent to which the church is active in the field of human aid is extraordinary.
Homelessness is a huge problem in Russia. We’ve learned that in Moscow lives 80,000 homeless and in St Petersburg – 60,000 (data estimated by one of the human aid organisations).
In Moscow, our team visited, among others, Milosiedze organisation’s shelters where homeless people can warm up – serving on average 200 people per day; training apartments for people with mental problems, and a number of social enterprises providing vocational training for people with mental issues, job-seekers, asylum seekers keeping busy working in woodwork, ceramic and construction workshops.
The costs of the study visit was covered by the Peer Ex program of the Euclid Network.